The section contains data on the volume, composition, main directions of use and the differentiation of money income of population as well as information on the structure of consumer expenditure of households. Information is published on the housing stock and the living conditions of population.

Real size of money income of population, accrued wages and salary, monthly pensions - relative indicators calculated by dividing the indices of nominal size1) of money income of population, accrued wages, monthly pensions by a consumer price index for respective period of time.


1) "Nominal" is understood as an actually gained size of income, wages and pensions for the reporting period.

The money income of population comprise gains of persons engaged in entrepreneurial business activity, accrued remuneration of employees, social transfers (pensions, benefits, grant, insurance compensations and other transfers), property income in the form of interest on deposits, securities, dividends, and other incomes. Money incomes in the current period less compulsory payments and dues are disposable money incomes of population.

Per capita average money income (per month) is calculated by dividing the total sum of annual money incomes by 12 and by the population size.

Average monthly nominal accrued wages are compiled by dividing accrued wages fund of the employees by average annual payroll number of employees and a number of months in the period.
Benefits granted to the employed from the state social extra-budget funds are not included in the wages and salaries fund and in average wages and salaries.

The average size of fixed monthly pensions is determined by dividing the total sum of the accrued pensions by the number of pensioners.

Pensioners are the persons who realized their right to get pensions in accordance with the legislation of the Russian Federation and are residents of the Russian Federation.

Monetary expenditures of population include expenditures for purchasing goods and paying for services, compulsory payments, contributions (taxes and charges, insurance payments, contributions for public and co-operative organisations, interests on credits, etc.), savings. Savings consist of increase (decrease) of citizens bank accounts, purchasing foreign currency, purchasing of securities and real estate, changes in individual entrepreneurs' accounts, credit indebtedness.

Subsistence minimum level in accordance with the Federal Decree of October 24, 1997, No 134-FZ "On the subsistence minimum in the Russian Federation" is a value estimate of a consumer basket (approved by the Federal Decree) and compulsory payments and dues. Consumer basket includes a minimum set of food and non-food goods and services, which is necessary to safe health of people and ensure their life activities.

A size of subsistence minimum for the Russian Federation as a whole is defined quarterly and established by the Government of the Russian Federation.

In 1992-1999 the subsistence minimum level was calculated on the basis of methodological recommendations of the Mintrud of Russia of November 10, 1992 according to the Decree of the President of the Russian Federation of March 2, 1992, No 210 "On the system of minimal consumer budgets".

Population with money income below the subsistence minimum level is determined on the basis of the data on the distribution of population according to the level of average per capita money income and is a result of their co-measuring with the subsistence minimum level.

The deficit of money income is determined as the sum of money necessary for bringing its incomes to the subsistence minimum level.

Differentiation of population by the per capita average money income characterize welfare of population and presents indicators (or shares) of numbers of resident population grouped in the given intervals of average per capita money income.

Distribution of population by average per capita money income is compiled in accordance with the methodology approved on July 16, 1996 by the decision № 61 of Goskomstat of Russia reconciled with concerned ministries and agencies. Data series of distribution are created using the imitation modeling method by transformation of empiric distribution, obtained on the basis of results of sample survey on household budgets into the data series of distribution, which corresponds to a value of grouping indicator of the frame population (average per capita income obtained from data on the balance of income and expenditures of population).

Distribution of total volume of money income by different groups of population is expressed by a share of total volume of money income for each 20-percent groups of population ranged by the extent of growing average per capita money income.

The coefficient of funds (coefficient of income differentiation) characterizes the degree of social stratification and is defined as a ratio between the average levels of money incomes of 10 percent of the population with the highest incomes and 10 percent of the population with the lowest incomes.

Coefficient Gini (index of concentration of incomes) characterizes the level of deviation of the actual volume of distribution of incomes of population from the line of their even distribution. The value of coefficient may vary from 0 to 1, and the higher the value of the indicator, the less even is the distribution of incomes in the society.

Actual final consumption of households includes expenditures on purchasing of consumer goods and services and also a cost of goods and services consumption in kind - produced for itself, received as a remuneration and social transfers in kind, i.e. gratis and privilege individual goods and services, received from the state administration sector and non-commercial organisations, serving households.

The sample survey on households' budgets is the method of state statistical observation on living standard of population. The frame of the study and dissemination of budget survey data is defined by the following goals: to collect data on distribution of population by levels of prosperity; to get weighting indicators to calculate a consumer price index, to get data to compile accounts of household sector for the system of national accounts.

The survey on households' budgets is conducted in all regions of the Russian Federation and covers 49,2 thousand households. The returns of the survey are compiled quarterly and for a year as a whole.

Starting from 1997, the two-stage random sampling built up by territorial principle has been used to form sample frame of households. A final unit of the selection is a household. Collective households consisting of persons who are for a long period in hospitals, in special retirement houses for the elders, boarding schools and other institutional organisations are not included in the sample survey. The units of this survey are households and their members.

The consumer expenditures of households comprise a part of money expenditures that are directed towards acquisition of consumer goods and services. Their composition does not include the purchase of art, antiquarian and jewelry goods acquired like capital investments, the payment for materials and work on construction and capital repairs of living quarters and subsidiary premises, which refer to investments in fixed capital.

The housing stock - the aggregate of all dwellings, situated on the territory of the Russian Federation.

Dwellings are treated as any isolated premises which is real estate and suitable for permanent living of citizens (meet established sanitarium and technical rules, norms and other legal requirements).

The housing stock does not include cottages (dachas), summer garden houses, sporting and tourist centers, motels, camping, sanatoria, health resorts, holiday hotels, visitors' houses, hotels, barracks, monks' cells, railway carriages and other structures.

The total square of the dwelling (houses) is determined as a sum of the areas of the living rooms and including auxiliary premises which are to meet everyday and other needs of citizens, excluding loggia, balconies, veranda and terrace.

Russia in figures - 2008
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