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History Russia's state statistics 1802-1996

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Karl Fedorovich GERMANN

Chief, Statistical Section, Ministry of Police, in 1811-1819; Chief, Statistical Section, Ministry of the Interior, in 1819-1834.

A Russian scientist, economist, statistician. Was born in Danzig (Prussia at that time). Studied statistics and economics at the Gettingen University. Since 1795 worked in Russia. Since 1807, a professor of political economy and statistics at the St.Petersburg Pedagogical Institute, and then at the St.Petersburg University. Since 1809 taught political economy at the Corps of Pages. In 1810 was elected an extraordinary and in 1835 an ordinary Academician. The Editor and the Publisher of "Statistical Journal" (1806-1808). The Dean of the Historical and Philological Department, the Si. Petersburg University. In 1820-1830 was engaged in scientific research at the Academy of Sciences.

The author of the books "A Brief Guide to the General Theory of Statistics", "A Historical Review of Statistical Literature, in paricular. of the Russian State". The author of the first plans of broad statistical research and formation of state statistics in Russia, the author of original methodology for compilation of statistical maps.
 

Konstantin Ivanovich ARSEN'EV

Chief, Administration of Affairs, Statistical Section under the Council of the Minister of the Interior, and later the Statistical Committee, in 1834-1853.

A Russian statistician and a historian. When still a student, he was engaged in statistical research under the guidance of Professor K.F. Germann. Compiled a statistical essay of the Olonets Gubernia (Province). In 1819-1821 a Professor of political economy and statistics at the St.Petersburg University. In 1836 was elected a member of the St.Petersburg Academy of Sciences. An Academician since 1841. In 1835-1853 he headed statistical work at the Ministry of Foreign Affairs. Arsen'ev made the first attempt at dividing Russia's territory into regions in his works: "The Outline of Statistics of the Russian State" (1818-1819) and "The Statistical Essays of Russia" (1848). He published a number of articles on statistics in the "Journal of the Ministry of the Interior", such as: "Investigations of Numbers Regarding Sexes in Russia's Population", "A Statistical Essay on the People's Education in Russia", and also a few works on historical subjects. He was one of the organizers of the Russian Geographical Society (1845).
 

Petr Petrovich SEMENOV - TIAN' - SHAN'SKY

Director, Central Statistical Committee, Ministry of the Interior, in 1863-1882; Chairman, Statistical Council, Ministry of the Interior, in 1875-1896.

A great Russian scientist. A geographer, statistician, public and state figure; an Honorary Member of the Petersbuig Academy of Sciences (1873), a Member of the State Council (since 1897). Graduated from the St-Petersburg University (1848). Since 1849, a Member of the Russian Geographic Society. On a commission from the Free Economic Society, he studied the chernozem (black soil) belt of the European part of Russia, undertook numerous expeditions to Asia. Participated in the work of the Editorial Commission for preparation of the peasant reform of 1861. Initiated the creation of the Central Statistical Committee (1857). In 1870 organized the first All-Russia Statistical Congress that laid down the foundations of Russian zemstvo statistics. The creator of the scheme of economic regioning of the European part of Russia. For the first time used the method of grouping peasants' farms by the degree of their prosperity and analysed economic difference" in their composition. Engaged in fiscal surveys. One of the organizers and a participant in international congresses of statisticians. In 1863 he represented Russia at the International Statistical Congress in St.Petersburg, was the Chairman of the International Statistical Commission (1872), compiled the five-volume "Geographical and Statistical Dictionary of the Russian Empire" (St.Petersburg, 1863-1885). Reorganized the system of collecting information on statistics of crop yields. Encouraged development of zemstvo statistics. Since 1897, a member of the State Council.

Headed the first General Census of Russia's population. Tie author of over 100 works on problems of statistics, economics, geography, etc.
 

Alexander Grigorievich TROINITSKY

Chairman, Statistical Council, Ministry of the Interior, in 1864-1866.

A Russian statistician. In 1857 was appointed the Head of the Statistical Division, Statistical Committee, Ministry of the Interior, in 1858 - a member of the Council of the Minister of the Interior, in 1861 - a Deputy Minister, and in 1867 - a member of the State Council, took an active part in the work of the Russian Geographic Society. Played an outstanding role in the organization of Russia's state statistics. At his urgent request, there were reorganized the statistical bodies of the Ministry of the Interior, the Central Statistical Committee received the status of a department* the Statistical Council* headed by A.G.Troynitsky, was set up for co-ordination of departmental statistics. He enlisted a group of outstanding statistcians from the Russian Geographic Society to work in the Central Statistical Committee* which helped the advanced statistical thought directly influence the practice. The author of a number of fundamental works on the statistics of serf population: "On the Number of Serf People in Russia", "The Serf Population hi Russia according to (he 10th People's Census".
 

Alexey Borisovich LOBANOV - ROSTOVSKY

Chairman, Statistical Council, Ministry of the Interior, in 1867-1874.

Graduated from the Alexandrovsky Lyceum. Occupied various diplomatic posts. In 1859-1863, the Russian Embassador in Constantinople. Was the Governor of the Orel Gubernia. In 1867-1878 - a Deputy Minister of the Interior. In 1882-1895 - the Russian Embassador in Vienna, afterwards the Minister of Foreign Affairs.

The author of a number of historical and genealogical investigations.
 

Nikolay Alexandrovich TROINITSKY

Director, Central Statistical Committee, Ministry of the Interior, in 1883-1903.

A Russian statistician, the son of A.G. Troinitsky, Was Russia's delegate at the International Statistical Congress of 1885 in London. Was elected a regular Member of the International Statistical Institute. Participated in statistical congresses in Rome, Paris, Bern and Vienna. Prepared the session of the International Statistical Congress in Petersburg. As a member - Administrator of Affairs of the Main Census Commission - took part in the preparation and conduct of the First General Census of Russia's Population in 1897. Under N.A. Troinitsky's guidance there was carried out the processing of the results of this Census that were published in 1897-1905 under his editorship. Participated in the organization and activities of the International Statistical Institute where he was Vice-President in the period of 1897 through 1913. Made an attempt at reforming local statistical bodies.
 

Pavel Ivanovich GEORGIYEVSKY

Director, Central Statistical Committee, Ministry of the Interior, in 1911-1914; Chairman, Statistical Council, Ministry of the Interior, in 1914-1917.

A Russian economist. Was engaged in the statistics of communal ownership of land under Professor Yanson's guidance. Since 1883, was in charge of railway statistics at the Ministry of Railways. Reorganized financial statistics of railways. Since 1890, a Professor of the St.Petersburg University. His works contained valuable statistical data on the development of bread trade, construction of railways, financial problems. Participated in the activities connected with the census of population in St.Petersburg. The author of a number of theoretical works on political economy. Participated in a number of international congresses.
 

Nikolai Ivanovich BELIAVSKY

Director, Central Statistical Committee, Ministry of the Interior, in 1914-1917

Graduated from the St.Petersburg University, began service at the Main Department of Posts and Telegraph of the Ministry of the Interior, then served at the Ministry of Finance. Taught at the School of Jurisprudence and at the Yuriev University. A Master of Police Law. Since 1914, was Director of the Central Statistical Committee, and simultaneously remained in the position of a Professor at the School of Jurisprudence.
 

Pavel Il'ich POPOV

Chief (in charge of) CSB in 1918-1922, Chief (in charge ' of) CSB USSR in 1923-1926.'

In 1909-1917 conducted statistical and economic investigations of households in the Tula Gubernia (Province), combining a complete "podvorny" (house- to-house) census with a sample monographic description of individual households, through the use of the groupings method. Since 1917, headed the Division of Agricultural Census at the Ministry of Agriculture. Took part in the preparation of the Statute on Government Statistics in 1918. With P.I. Popov's participation and under his guidance, there were conducted the censuses of 1918, 1920, 1923, and was prepared the census of 1926. He also participated in the work of the commission for conducting the census of 1939. Alongside with the censuses, he organized a number of budgetary investigations. Participated in the work for systematization of old-time odd and loose statistical materials, their generalization and publication; organized the magazine "Herald of Statistics", and the "Bulletin of Prices". Was engaged in problems of compiling the Balance of People's Economy. From 1926 through 1946 - a member of the Presidium of the Russian federation and the All-Union Academy of Agricultural Sciences, the head of the Division of Agriculture at the Gosplan of the Russian Federation. In 1928-1929 he was a member of the Collegium of the CSB USSR, twice represented the USSR at the sessions of the International Statistical Institute. In 1949 he was appointed a member of the Scientific and Methodological Council under the CSB USSR.
 

Valerian Valerianovich OBOLENSKY (N. OSINSKY)

Chief (in charge of), CSB USSR, in 1926-1928; Chief, CAEA of Gosplan USSR, in 1932-1935. Since 1917, the Chief (in charge of) the Gosbank (State Bank) of the Russian Federation, Chairman of the Supreme Council of People's Economy. In 1921-1923 a deputy Narkom (a People's Commissar - a Minister) of Agriculture. In 1923-1924 the Polpred (Plenipotentiary Representative) in Sweden. In 1925-1929 - a Presidium member, Gosplan of the USSR. The main works: "Yields of Cereals in Southern Russia" (1889-1912), "State Regulation of the Peasant Farm" (1920), "Position and Tasks of People's Economic Accounting" (1932), and others.
 

Serguei Vladimirovich MINAYEV

Chief, Economic Accounting Section, Gosplan USSR, in 1930-1931; Chief, Central Administration of Economic Accounting, Gosplan USSR, in 1931.
 

Adam Ivanovich KRAVAL'

Chief, Central Administration of Economic Accounting, Gosplan USSR (1935-1937).

A Doctor of Economic Sciences, a specialist in the field of labour economics and statistics. In 1924-1930, the authorized representative of the Supreme Council of People's Economy Presidium, a member of the Presidium (1928-1930). In 1930-1932, a deputy People's Commissar of the USSR. In 1933-1935, the First Deputy of the Chief, Central Administration of Economic Accounting, Gosplan USSR, and a Presidium member of the Gosplan USSR. Participated in the compilation of the first five-year plans of development of the People's economy of the USSR. Was occupied in problems of revealing the country's labour resources, their rational distribution and utilization, labour productivity and remuneration. Made a considerable contribution to statistics, was in charge of elaboration and conduct of a number of censuses.
 

Ivan Dmitrievich VERMENICHEV

Chief, Central Administration of Economic Accounting, Gosplan USSR, in 1937.
 

Ivan Vassilyevich SAUTIN

Chief, Central Administration of Economic Accounting, Gosplan USSR, in 1938-1940.
 

Vladimir Nikonovich STAROVSKY

Chief, Central Administration of Economic Accounting, Gosplan USSR, in 1940"1948, Chief, CSB USSR in 1948-1975.

A statistician-economist, a Corresponding Member of the Academy of Sciences of the USSR (1958). Since 1919 worked in the field of statistics and people's economic accounting. In 1939-1940, Deputy Chief, Central Administration of People's Economic Accounting, Gosplan of the USSR. The main directions of scientific work: general theoretical problems of statistics, statistics of population, mathematical statistics, political economy.
 

Lev Markovich VOLODARSKY

Chief, Central Statistical Board of the USSR (CSB USSR) in 1975-1985. In 1938-1940 - Deputy Chairman, Leningrad Regional Planning Commission, in 1940-1942 - Authorized Representative of Gosplan USSR for the City of Leningrad and Leningrad Region, 1942-48 - Deputy Chief of a department, Gosplan USSR; 1948-1955 - Chief, Department of Industrial Statistics, CSB USSR; 1956-1967 - Deputy Chief, CSB USSR; 1967-1975 - First Deputy Chief, CSB USSR. In 1953-1955 - Chief Editor of Gosstatizdat (State Statistical Publishing House). Alongside with his work in the CSB USSR, he was engaged in research and pedagogical activities. A Doctor of economic sciences (1962), a Professor (1964). An author of scientific works in the field of statistics, economics, planning. He took an active part in the activities of the Statistical Commission of the United Nations and other international organization. For 10 years he was Chairman of the Standing Commission of CMEA (Council of Mutual Economic Assistance) for Statistics.
 

Mikhail Antonovich KOROLEV

Chief, Central Statistical Board in 1985-1987, Chairman, Goskomstat USSR, in 1987-1989.
 

Vadim Nikitovich KIRICHENKO

Chairman, Goskomstat USSR, in 1989-1992.
 

Yuri Alexeyevich YURKOV

Chairman, Goskomstat of Russia, in 1993-1998.
 

Vladimir Leonidovich SOKOLIN

Chairman, Goskomstat of Russia, since 1998.

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