Mrs. Elena Shustova

Department of Enterprise and Other Business Units Statistics

Federal State Statistics Service (Rosstat)

39, Myasnitskaya St.

Moscow , Russian Federation 107450

Phone:

(7) 495 6072220

Fax:

(7) 495 6074522

Email:

Shustova@gks.ru

0. Prerequisites

0.1 Legal environment

0.1.1 Responsibility for collecting, processing, and disseminating statistics

Federal State Statistics Service (Rosstat)

  • The compilation and dissemination of the data are governed by the terms and conditions of the Federal Law of November 29, 2007 No. 282-FZ On Official Statistical Accounting and State statistics system in the Russian Federation, (Об официальном статистическом учете и системе государственной статистики в Российской Федерации) and Statute on the Federal State Statistics Service, adopted by Decree of the Government of the Russian Federation on July 02, 2008 №420 (Положение о Федеральной службе государственной статистики
  • Article 1 of the Statute stipulates that the Federal State Statistics Service (the Rosstat) shall provide official statistical information that constitutes part of government information resources on the country's social, economic, demographic and ecologic status.
  • Article 5.2 of the Statute stipulates that the Federal State Statistics Service shall develop the official statistical methodology for compilation of statistical observations, and provide conformity of the specified methodology to the international standards.

The above mentioned documents is available in Russian on the following Rosstat's webpage:

Federal Law On Official Statistical Accounting and State statistics system in the Russian Federation (http://www.gks.ru/news/fz282.htm);

Statute on the Federal State Statistics Service (http://www.gks.ru/free_doc/new_site/rosstat/post_rosstat.htm).

0.1.2 Data sharing and coordination among data producing agencies

Federal State Statistics Service (Rosstat)

The Statute and the Law provides Rosstat has the right to receive from respondents primary statistical data and administrative data, including those containing information classified as State secrets, commercial secrets, information about taxpayers, personal data of individuals subject to their obligatory depersonalization, and other information, access to which is restricted by federal laws, in order to compile official statistical information (Article 6.1 of the Statute, Article 9 of the Law).

0.1.3 Confidentiality of individual reporters' data

 

Federal State Statistics Service (Rosstat)

Article 5.16 of the Statute stipulates that the Rosstat shall provide in appropriate way the storage and protection of official, banking, tax, and commercial and other confidential information, received by the Rosstat during its activities.  

0.4 Quality management

0.4.1 Quality policy

Federal State Statistics Service (Rosstat)

The document was developed taking into account the principles of official statistical accounting established by the Law, the fundamental principles of official statistics approved at the 68th session of the UN General Assembly on January 23, 2014, the Generic Statistical Business Process Model (version 5.0) prepared by the UNECE High Level Group, and international standards for ensuring the quality of official statistical information.

1. Integrity

1.2 Transparency

1.1.2 Selection of sources, methodology, and modes of dissemination

Federal State Statistics Service (Rosstat)

Article 4 of the Law defines rational choice of sources in order to generate official statistical information to ensure its completeness, reliability and timeliness of provision, as well as to reduce the burden on respondents as one of the principles of official statistics.

Article 7 of the Law states that Rosstat develops official statistical methodology, which includes methods of collecting, monitoring, dissemination, aggregation and grouping primary statistical data and administrative data, compiling national accounts, assessing the accuracy of official statistical information and its systematization, and official statistical methodology of the development of statistical information.

Article 4 of the Law states that the official statistical methodology should be scientifically substantiated, consistent with international standards and principles of official statistics, as well as the legislation of the Russian Federation, open and accessible.

Rosstat disseminate official statistical information by publishing in official publications, the media and posting for publican free access on the official website of Rosstat (www.gks.ru).

1.1.3 Commenting on erroneous interpretation and misuse of statistics

Federal State Statistics Service (Rosstat)

In case of misinterpretation or misuse of statistical data, Rosstat may send a denial to the media, which allowed the distortion of official statistical information, for further publication.

1.2 Transparency

1.2.2 Internal governmental access to statistics prior to release

Federal State Statistics Service (Rosstat)

There is no government access to the data before its release.

1.2.3 Attribution of statistical products

Federal State Statistics Service (Rosstat)

The data are published without ministerial commentary.

1.2.4 Advance notice of major changes in methodology, source data, and statistical techniques

Federal State Statistics Service (Rosstat)

The Rosstat announces significant changes in methodology, source data, and compilation techniques in advance.

Production index

Major changes in methodology are noted in the relevant publications after their implementation.

 

1.3.1 Guidelines for staff behavior

Federal State Statistics Service (Rosstat)

In the performance of official duties Rosstat employees adhere to the standards of conduct established by the Code of Ethics and official conduct of Rosstat civil servants, approved by order of Rosstat on October 10, 2016.

Article 15 of the Federal Law of July 27, 2004 No. 79-FZ "On the Civil Service of the Russian Federation" (О государственной гражданской службе Российской Федерации) establishes the duties of civil servants related to the observance of official conduct

2. Methodology

2.1 Concepts and definitions

2.1.1 Concepts and definitions

Concept: Measure of change in the volume of production by all legal entities and separate subdivisions thereof in periods being compared, given a reference level of output in a base year.

Definition: Measure of change in the volume of production of a fixed set of products of constant price and quality for all producer units and separate subdivisions thereof.

2.2 Scope

2.2.1 Scope

Scope of the data

The industrial production index measures physical output of the following industrial sectors: mining, manufacturing, electricity, gas and steam; air conditioning, water supply; water disposal, organization of waste collection and disposal, pollution control activities;

·         Industrial coverage: All legal entities and separate subdivisions thereof (other than banks and insurance and other financial and lending institutions), individual entrepreneurs realizing manufacturing of industrial goods (works and services).

·         Product coverage: Set of primary products related according to the Russian Classification of Products by Economic Activities 2 to mining and quarrying, manufacturing and electricity, gas and water supply. For economic activities, where, due to their specificity, it is difficult to select the specific goods (for example, the production of devices, spare parts, parts, etc.), and for activities, where data on production are available only in value terms (for example, the provision of services for the installation, repair and maintenance of machinery, equipment, instruments, equipment, etc.), the method of deflation is used for data on the volume of shipped goods of own production, performed work and services.

Unrecorded activity

Adjustment to the volume of informal and hidden activities is made at the process of calculating production indices for the Russian Federation in general. The adjustment is carried out at a level not lower than the section of the current classifier of activities related to industrial production.

2.3 Classification/sectorization

2.3.1 Classification/sectorization

Classification: National classification of activities by Russian Classification of Economic Activities (OKVED 2) ОК 029-2014, which is compatible with the Statistical Classification of Economic Activities in the European Communities (NACE Rev. 2), and of products by Russian Classification of Products by Economic Activities harmonized with the Statistical Classification of Products by Activity in the European Community (CPA 2008).

Industrial production index is an aggregated production index by type of activities "Mining and quarrying", "Manufacturing production", "Production and distribution of electricity, gas and water".

2.4 Basis for recording

2.4.2 Recording basis

Timing of production observations: Monthly for large and medium-size enterprises, small ones (except micro-enterprises) and individual entrepreneurs engaged in the production of mining, manufacturing, electricity, gas and steam; air conditioning, water supply; water disposal, organization of waste collection and disposal, pollution control activities; on microenterprises - once a year.

2.4.3 Grossing/netting procedures

All of the products produced by an enterprise are included in production output, regardless of whether the products are manufactured from the enterprise’s own raw materials or from raw materials supplied by the customer, and also regardless of a product’s final use (sale to a customer, transfer to fixed assets, intended for further processing, provided as labor compensation, etc.), i.e., gross output.

3. Accuracy and reliability

3.1 Source data

3.1.1 Source data collection programs

Data on the production of goods and services represent more than 200,000 large, medium and small organizations that produce more than 95% of the total products of these types of economic activity produced in the Russian Federation.

Data on the release of goods in natural or value terms and of industrial work performed is collected by the sectors "Mining," "Manufacturing, Electricity, gas and steam; air conditioning," "Water supply; water disposal, collection and disposal waste disposal activities."Item selection: Group of primary representative goods for a specific activity.

Unit selection: All producer units, other than banks, insurance, and other financial and lending institutions. Information on the production output for representative goods in physical terms is monthly submitted by all producer units (other than banks, insurance, and other financial and lending institutions) that are not small businesses on the basis of full-score observation and by small businesses (excluding micro-enterprises) and individual entrepreneurs producing the products in “Mining and quarrying”, “Manufacturing”, “Electricity, gas, steam and air conditioning supply”, “Water supply, sewerage, waste management and remediation activities”- on the basis of sampling survey. Micro-enterprises submit this information annually on the basis of sample survey. 
In accordance with current legislation of the Russian Federation small enterprises are those with the number of employees up to 100 (micro-enterprises up to 15) and upper limit of revenue from sales of goods (works and services) for proceeding year for small enterprises (excluding micro-enterprises) - 800 million roubles, for micro-enterprises - 120 million roubles.

Sample sizes: Approximately 1200 products and product groups are included in the current monthly computation, and approximately 1900 products are in the annual computation.

Item/product specification: Aggregated product groups are surveyed monthly, and the individual product range is recorded on an annual basis. The products are selected according to the Russian Classification of Products by Economic Activities 2. The list of representative goods includes the most important types and groups of products. Statistical authorities notify enterprises of the list, and it is the same for all respondents. All of the products produced by an enterprise are included in production output, regardless of whether the products are manufactured from the enterprise's own raw materials or from raw materials supplied by the customer, and also regardless of a product's final use (sale to a customer, transfer to fixed assets, intended for further processing, provided as labor compensation, etc.), i.e., gross output.

3.1.2 Source data definitions, scope, classifications, valuation, and time of recording

Nature of indicators used: Quantity measures of output and deflated value measures.

Nature of weights: Value added by economic activities "Mining and quarrying", "Manufacturing", "Electricity, gas, steam and air conditioning supply", "Water supply, sewerage, waste management and remediation activities" according to OKVED2 (Russian Classification of Economic Activities2), harmonized with the Statistical Classification of Economic Activities in the European Communities (NACE Rev.2); commodity output in physical terms and price per unit in base year.

Sources of weights: Federal statistical survey forms "Information on the Production and Shipment of Goods and Services" and "Main Indicators of Enterprise Operations", sample survey of small enterprises (20% sample) using the form "Information on Main Indicators of Small Enterprise Operations", form "Information on Main Indicators of Micro-Enterprise Operations".

Frequency of weight updates: Up until 2000, the year 1995 was used as the base year, the year 1999 was used as a base year in the period 2001- 2004, the year 2002 was used as the base year in the period 2005-2009, the year 2008 is used as the base year in the period 2010-2013, starting from 2014 the year 2010was used and from 2019 the year 2017 was used as the base year.

Methods of data collection: Data collection is carried out electronically through the WEB-collection system, through specialized telecom operators or by mail on the form forms.

3.1.3 Source data timeliness

Short-term information on the production and shipment of products (works, services) for the reporting month from respondents provides on the 4th working day after the reporting month, summary data for calculating production indices are produced on the 9th working day after the reporting month, the publication of production indices is posted on the 11th business day after the reporting month.

3.3 Statistical techniques

3.3.1 Source data statistical techniques

Computation of lowest level indices: Indices for subsectors (first level indices) are defined as the ratio of weighted arithmetic average quantities produced in value terms for the periods being compared, relative to the base year.

Aggregation: The Laspeyres index is used to aggregate the basic item indices to obtain indices by aggregated group and sectors of OKVED2 (Russian Classification of Economic Activities2).

Alignment of value of weights and base period: The "value added" indicator is used for the weighting of the first level indices into indices for higher groupings in the classification of activities. Data on value added are computed in relation to the base year at the lowest actual level of the economic activity, and values added for higher-level groupings are determined on the basis of aggregation in stages (according to the structure of the Russian Classification of Economic Activities). Indices are computed in relation to the base year at all stages of compilation.

Linking of reweighted index to historical index: When there is a change in the base year, there is a retrospective revision of the time series.
Reference period: Production indices are computed for reference periods relative to previous periods and to the corresponding periods of the previous year.

3.3.2 Other statistical procedures

Procedures for nonresponse: Information is received on a monthly basis from respondents (large and medium-sized organizations) who together control more than 80 percent of production.); as well as from small businesses and individual entrepreneurs reporting on a sample basis. The recalculation of the micro-enterprises output is promptly carried out according to the sample survey of the micro-enterprise activity for the previous year and in the informal economy.

Treatment of missing prices: Data on the production of goods in physical terms by large, medium and small-size enterprises (excluding micro-enterprises), individual entrepreneurs for each product or product group participating in the computation are adjusted monthly upward to account for production output at micro-enterprises that submit data annually. Algorithms for determining the estimated monthly output at small businesses are based on their share in the total production of a specific product, determined on the basis of data from a sampling survey of micro-enterprises activity for the previous year.

Selection of replacement items: The list of products included in the “basket” of representative goods for the computation of production indices is retained for the entire period until a change is made to a new base year. In the event that a new type of product is put into production that accounts for a substantial proportion of the total output of goods, this product is also included in the “basket.” In order to ensure that the computations are performed correctly, the value of this new product is determined on the basis of prices derived from the base year.

Adjustments for quality differences: In order to track changes in the quality of goods, goods are recorded in units that reflect a quality component (for example, productivity of equipment, content of active ingredients, etc.), deflation is used for multiple commodity groups.

Introducing new units and products: In the event that a new type of product is put into production that accounts for a substantial proportion of the total output of goods, this product is also included in the “basket.” In order to ensure that the computations are performed correctly, the value of this new product is determined on the basis of prices derived from the base year.

3.4 Data validation

3.4.1 Validation of intermediate results

Implementation of formal logic controls is made within the process of collection primary data on production and shipment of products (works, services) from the respondents.

3.4.2 Assessment of intermediate data

Rosstat specialists compare data on production and shipment of products (works, services) for the reporting month with similar data for the previous month, the corresponding month of last year, and control of the amount of clarifications by respondents of previously submitted data.

3.4.3 Assessment of discrepancies and other problems in statistical outputs

Specialists evaluate the impact of the size of the refinement by the respondents of the previously provided data on production and shipment of products (works, services) on the results of the calculation of production indices.

4. Serviceability

4.1 Periodicity and timeliness

4.1.1 Periodicity

Monthly

4.1.2 Timeliness

Information on production indices is compiled and published in accordance with the terms established by the Federal Plan for Statistical Work. Short- term statistics is published on the 11th working day.

4.2 Consistency

4.2.1 Internal consistency

The data on the production index can be checked by users, using data on production and shipment of products (works, services) for the compared periods, information on producer price indices broken down by sectors "Mining and quarrying", "Manufacturing productions", "Electricity supply, gas and steam; air conditioning "," Water supply; water disposal, organization of collection and disposal of waste, activities for the elimination of pollution ", published in the following publicationsРоссийский статистический ежегодник (Statistical Yearbook of Russia) (in Russian only);

  • Промышленность России (Industry of Russia) (in Russian only);
  • Russia in Figures (Россия в цифрах) (in English and in Russian).

The industrial production index for the Russian Federation is consistent with the production indices by constituent entities of the Russian Federation.

The production index by constituent entities of the Russian Federation is published annually in “Regions of Russia. Socio-economic indicators” (Регионы России. Социально-экономические показатели"): http://www.gks.ru/wps/wcm/connect/rosstat_main/rosstat/ru/statistics/publication
s/catalog/

Seasonally adjusted data is published in the monthly bulletin of the Federal State Statistics Service "Social and Economic Situation of Russia" ("Социально-экономическое положение России").

4.3 Revision

4.3.1 Revision schedule

The adjustment of monthly (quarterly, annual) production indices is carried out in accordance with the Time Schedule for the development and publication of product data in physical (value) terms and dynamics of industrial production, approved by order of Rosstat on April 23, 2018. No. 259 (available on official website of Rosstat):

http://www.gks.ru/wps/wcm/connect/rosstat_main/rosstat/ru/statistics/enterprise/
industrial/
.

In addition, when changing the base year, transiting to new versions of Russian classifiers of types of economic activity and products, a mandatory retrospective recalculation of production indices is carried out. The updated data are published in the issue of the monthly bulletin of the Federal State Statistics Service "Social and Economic Situation of Russia" ("Социально-экономическое положение России"), with the following explanations, after the completion of the recalculation.

4.3.2 Identification of preliminary and/or revised data

The publication of the revised data is accompanied by relevant announcements and comments.

5. Accessibility

5.1 Data

5.1.1 Statistical presentation

Data are disseminated on the production index, a Laspeyres index (since 2019, 2017 =100) as a percentage of the previous month, to the corresponding month (period) of the last year.

Industrial production indices and production indices by sections of OKVED "Mining and quarrying", "Manufacturing", "Electricity, gas, steam and air conditioning supply", "Water supply, sewerage, waste management and remediation activities" are seasonally adjusted with using software product DEMETRA 2.2.

5.1.2 Dissemination media and format

 

Hard copy - Monthly Bulletin

Социально-экономическое положение России (Socio-Economic Situation in Russia) (in Russian only).

To order a copy, please contact the above address.

Hard copy - Other

Annual publications (in Russian only):

Российский статистический ежегодник (Statistical Yearbook of Russia);

Промышленность России (Industry of Russia);

Регионы России. Социально-экономические показатели (Regions of Russia. Social and Economic Indicators);

Russia in Figures (Россия в цифрах) (in English and in Russian).

To order a copy, please contact the above address.

Electronic - On-line bulletin or data

http://www.gks.ru/wps/wcm/connect/rosstat_main/rosstat/en/main/ (in English)

Electronic - Other

Information on industrial production indices is published on the official website of the Rosstat, at the Unified Interdepartmental Statistical Information System (https://fedstat.ru/) and can be found in Rosstat section.

5.1.3 Advance release calendar

The release dates for subsequent four months are published on the English Rosstat site: http://www.gks.ru/wps/wcm/connect/rosstat_main/rosstat/ru/statistics/imf/release

5.1.4 Simultaneous release

Data are simultaneously released to all users through the official website of the Federal State Statistics Service (Rosstat): http://www.gks.ru and in the monthly Rosstat bulletin “Socio-economic Situation in Russia” («Социально-экономическое положение России»), which is also available at the above-mentioned website: http://www.gks.ru/wps/wcm/connect/rosstat_main/rosstat/ru/statistics/publication

s/catalog/doc_1140087276688.

 

Also, data can be found at the Unified Interdepartmental Information and Statistical System (https://fedstat.ru/) and can be found in Rosstat section.

5.1.5 Dissemination on request

Providing data on request is carried out in accordance with the Administrative Regulation on the provision of state services by the Federal State Statistics Service to provide official statistical information to citizens and organizations, approved by order of Rosstat No. 668 on December 29, 2012 (as amended by orders of Rosstat on August 1, 2013 No. 299 and No. 311 on July, 30 2016)

5.2 Metadata

5.2.1 Dissemination of documentation on concepts, scope, classifications, basis of recording, data sources, and statistical techniques

The methodology for compiling the production index is published in Russian in the publication "Methodological Principles in Statistics" and uploaded at the Rosstat official website: http://www.gks.ru/wps/wcm/connect/rosstat_main/rosstat/ru/statistics/enterprise/industrial/.

A copy may be ordered from the Information and Publishing Center "Statistics of Russia".

5.2.2 Disseminated level of detail

Data on production indices are published at the level of classes and subclasses (2 and 3 digitals) OKVED2.

5.3 Assistance to users

5.3.1 Dissemination of information on contact points

Contact information is posted on the official website of Rosstat on main page.

 

Russia. Special Data Dissemination Standard
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